Apple and Microsoft Receive Exemptions from EU Tech Regulations

Recently, Apple and Microsoft have successfully obtained exemptions from the new European Union tech regulations known as the Digital Markets Act (DMA). The DMA aims to foster competition by requiring major tech companies to allow third-party apps on their platforms and enable users to switch to competing services.

After a comprehensive five-month investigation, the European Commission concluded that Apple’s iMessage and Microsoft’s Bing search engine do not qualify as gatekeeper services, unlike Apple’s App Store, iOS operating system, Safari browser, Microsoft’s LinkedIn, and Windows operating system.

Apple argued that iMessage is less frequently used than other messaging services in the EU and does not play a significant role in businesses’ communication with users in the region. Similarly, Microsoft asserted that Bing, Edge, and Microsoft Advertising serve as competitors in the market rather than dominating gateways for business users.

The decision to grant exemptions to Apple and Microsoft has drawn mixed reactions. Lazar Radic, an antitrust expert at the International Center for Law and Economics, commended the Commission for considering market realities and avoiding excessive regulation. However, the Coalition for Open Digital Ecosystems (CODE), consisting of Google, Meta Platforms, and Qualcomm, expressed disagreement, claiming that the exemptions undermine the DMA’s objectives of promoting choice and competition for all Europeans.

The exemptions granted to Apple and Microsoft offer an interesting perspective on the DMA enforcement. While it aims to foster competition and level the playing field, the European Commission recognizes specific services, such as iMessage and Bing, as not meeting the criteria for gatekeeper services. This nuanced approach acknowledges the diverse landscape of digital platforms and highlights the complexities of regulating tech giants.

As the DMA comes into effect, it will be essential to closely monitor how these exemptions and regulations shape the digital market and foster greater competition in the EU tech industry.

最近,苹果和微软成功获得了欧洲联盟的新技术法规——数字市场法案(Digital Markets Act,DMA)的豁免。DMA旨在促进竞争,要求主要科技公司允许第三方应用在其平台上运行,并让用户可以切换到竞争服务。

经过全面的五个月调查,欧洲委员会得出结论,认为苹果的iMessage和微软的必应搜索引擎并不符合门户服务的资格,不像苹果的App Store、iOS操作系统、Safari浏览器以及微软的领英和Windows操作系统。

苹果辩称,iMessage在欧盟的使用频率不如其他消息服务,并且在该地区不在企业与用户之间的沟通中发挥重要作用。同样,微软称必应、Edge浏览器和微软广告在市场上充当竞争者,而不是主导商业用户的门户服务。

欧盟对于给予苹果和微软豁免权的决定引起了不同的反应。国际法律与经济学中心的反垄断专家拉扎尔·拉迪奇称赞委员会考虑了市场现实,避免了过度管制。然而,由谷歌、Meta Platforms和高通组成的开放数字生态系统联盟(CODE)表示不同意,声称这些豁免权破坏了DMA促进所有欧洲人选择和竞争的目标。

对于苹果和微软获得的豁免权,DMA强制执行提供了有趣的视角。虽然DMA旨在促进竞争和公平竞争环境,但欧洲委员会认定iMessage和必应等特定服务并不符合门户服务的标准。这种细致入微的方法承认了数字平台的多样化景观,并凸显了对科技巨头进行监管的复杂性。

随着DMA生效,密切监测这些豁免和法规如何塑造数字市场,促进欧盟科技产业的更大竞争将至关重要。

重要术语和行话的定义:

1. Digital Markets Act (DMA) – 数字市场法案,欧洲联盟的一项技术法规,旨在通过要求主要科技公司允许第三方应用在其平台上运行,促进竞争和选择。

2. Gatekeeper services – 门户服务,指在数字平台上控制市场准入的服务,在DMA中被认为是需受到监管的特定服务。

3. App Store – 应用商店,苹果公司的一个应用程序分发平台。

4. Antitrust expert – 反垄断专家,熟悉反垄断法规和实践的专业人士。

5. Code – 开放数字生态系统联盟,由谷歌、Meta Platforms和高通组成的联盟,旨在维护开放的数字生态系统。

相关链接:

数字市场法案官方页面
苹果官方网站
微软官方网站