European Commission Exempts Apple’s iMessage and Microsoft’s Bing from Stricter Rules

The European Commission has announced that Apple’s iMessage and Microsoft’s Bing will not be subjected to stricter regulations, granting them a reprieve from the EU’s efforts to curb the business practices of tech giants. Starting next month, major digital companies, classified as “gatekeepers” by the EU, will need to adhere to a set of strict guidelines outlined in a landmark law. In September, the European Commission identified 22 “core” services provided by companies such as Google, Amazon, Apple, TikTok’s parent company ByteDance, Facebook’s Meta, and Microsoft that warranted mandatory compliance. Subsequently, the commission initiated investigations into whether Apple’s iMessage, Microsoft’s Bing and Edge browser, and advertising service should also be included.

However, the European Commission recently concluded that Apple and Microsoft should not be designated as gatekeepers for these services. This decision was announced after the commission closed four market investigations, stating that Apple’s iMessage and Microsoft should not be subject to stricter rules. Both Apple and Microsoft welcomed this decision, expressing gratitude towards the commission for its agreement. An Apple spokesperson emphasized that consumers have access to a wide range of messaging apps and can easily switch between them. Similarly, a Microsoft spokesperson applauded the commission’s exemption of Bing, Edge, and Microsoft Advertising, highlighting their role as challengers in the market.

The Digital Markets Act (DMA), which aims to promote competition in the digital realm, is the driving force behind these regulatory efforts. The law emphasizes interoperability between different applications, allowing users to effectively communicate across platforms. Alongside the DMA, the EU has introduced the Digital Services Act (DSA), which requires popular social networks and websites to take more assertive measures to combat online content and protect consumers during online transactions.

By exempting Apple’s iMessage and Microsoft’s Bing from stricter rules, the European Commission acknowledges the unique characteristics and competitive dynamics of these services. This decision reflects the ongoing efforts to strike a balance between regulating the power of tech giants and fostering innovation and competition within the digital landscape.

欧洲委员会宣布,苹果的iMessage和微软的必应将不会受到更严格的监管限制,使它们从欧盟限制科技巨头业务实践的努力中得到缓解。从下个月起,被欧盟分类为“门户网站”的主要数字公司将需要遵守一项重要法律中概述的一系列严格指南。欧洲委员会在九月份确定了谷歌、亚马逊、苹果、抖音母公司字节跳动、Facebook旗下的Meta和微软等公司提供的22个“核心”服务,这些服务需要强制遵守。随后,委员会对苹果的iMessage、微软的必应和Edge浏览器以及广告服务进行了调查,以确定它们是否也应被纳入其中。

然而,欧洲委员会最近得出结论,苹果和微软不应被指定为这些服务的门户网站。在关闭了四项市场调查后,委员会宣布了这个决定,并表示苹果的iMessage和微软不应受到更严格的规定。苹果和微软均对此决定表示欢迎,并对委员会的共识表示感谢。苹果发言人强调消费者可以访问各种各样的消息应用程序并且可以轻松地在它们之间切换。类似地,微软发言人赞赏了委员会对必应、Edge和微软广告的豁免,并强调它们在市场上的竞争角色。

数字市场法(DMA)是推动这些监管努力的驱动力。该法强调不同应用程序之间的互操作性,使用户能够在不同平台上有效地进行通信。除了DMA,欧盟还出台了数字服务法(DSA),要求热门社交网络和网站采取更有力的措施打击在线内容并在在线交易过程中保护消费者。

通过豁免苹果的iMessage和微软的必应不受更严格规定的约束,欧洲委员会承认了这些服务的独特特点和竞争动态。这个决定反映了在规范科技巨头的力量以及促进数字领域创新和竞争之间寻求平衡的持续努力。

关键词和术语的定义:
– 数字市场法(DMA):旨在促进数字领域竞争的法律。
– 互操作性:指不同软件、硬件、网络等技术之间能够相互协同工作和通信的能力。
– 数字服务法(DSA):要求社交网络和网站采取措施来打击在线内容和保护消费者的法律。

建议的相关链接:
欧洲委员会官方网站
欧盟数字战略官方网站
欧盟委员会新闻发布中心