Right-to-Repair Laws: Empowering Small Businesses and Reducing E-Waste

The impact of restrictions imposed by tech giants on independent repair shops, such as the Fix Hut in Portland, Oregon, has been significant. These small businesses often face obstacles in acquiring original equipment manufacturer (OEM) parts, provided exclusively by companies like Apple. As a result, they are forced to decline repairs or resort to less reliable aftermarket components. According to Travis Bruce, director of operations at the Fix Hut, around 5 to 10 percent of potential repairs are turned down due to the unavailability of official parts for newer devices like the iPhone 15.

Furthermore, the policy of serialization, which requires devices to authenticate the genuineness of each part, further worsens the situation. This not only creates difficulties in carrying out repairs but also drives up costs for consumers who are left with no option but to purchase new devices instead of getting their existing ones fixed. Additionally, this practice poses a significant environmental threat, as less than a quarter of e-waste is recycled, contributing to global pollution and posing health risks.

However, the recent implementation of right-to-repair legislation, exemplified by the bill passed in Oregon, aims to change this landscape. Manufacturers of tech devices are now required to provide consumers and independent repair shops with the necessary tools, parts, and information for device repair. These laws intend to reduce e-waste and make technology ownership more sustainable and cost-effective.

Supporting right-to-repair laws not only addresses the issue of electronic waste but also empowers small businesses by enabling them to serve customers without unnecessary restrictions. It signifies a shift towards a more sustainable and inclusive technological future where devices have longer lifespans, and repair skills and resources are readily accessible to all. Ultimately, this fosters a healthier environment and economy.

By advocating for right-to-repair legislation, we not only contribute to the reduction of electronic waste but also promote the growth of small businesses. Together, we can embrace a more sustainable approach to technology and create a future where repairability and resource accessibility are prioritized, benefitting both our planet and our economy.



答:像俄勒冈州波特兰市的Fix Hut这样的独立修理店面对技术巨头的限制。这些小型企业往往在获取原始设备制造商(OEM)零部件方面面临困难,这些零部件只由像苹果这样的公司提供。因此,他们被迫拒绝维修或使用不太可靠的市场售后零部件。根据Fix Hut的运营总监Travis Bruce的说法,由于无法获得像iPhone 15这样的新设备的官方零部件,大约5%至10%的潜在维修需求被拒绝。